Nangarhar province is located in east of Afghanistan between 70 degrees and 28 minutes of east altitude and 33 degrees and 56 minutes of north latitude. Nangarhar located 599 metres above sea level and is 7916 square metres area, Jalalabad city is the provincial capital.
The province is known for its history, water, weather, fruits and historical landscapes, in north it borders with eastern Kunar and Laghman and in west with capital Kabul and Logar provinces,  and the Spinghar mountains is located in its south, the mountains separate Nangarhar from southern Paktia and Pashtonkhwah province of Pakistan. East and southeastern parts of Nangarhar are linked with the Duran Line.
Nangarhar average temperature reaches to 45 C in summer and +2 C in winter, which has Mediterranean climate, where the rainfall level reaches 242 -390 mm in winter.
There is no snowfall in other parts of Nangarhar, except Khogyani, Hisarak, Spinghar and Kashmond Mountains, which experience moderate temperature in summer, but temperature of other parts usually get hot.
Nangarhar is encircled by various mountains, while some parts of Hindu Kush Mountains are located in its north, which begins from Pardam mountaind and ends on Gambiri desert, which is known as mountain of Kuz Kunar and Kashmond.
Likewise, Spinghar is located in its south, Tor Ghar in its west and its east borders with Kama, Lalpora, some parts of Hindu Kush cross the Duran Line, in Momand area, which starts from Doura mountain from Diwan Baba area of Nuristan province and extended to Lwargi area.
Spinghar is a famous mountain in Nangarhar that located in east of the province, which starts 48 kilometres west of Peshawar and reached toward west to central Logar province. This mountain separates Logar and Tira area of Koza Pashtonkhwah from Nangarhar province and its length reaches 180 kilometres, which average height is 3,500 kilometres from sea. Spinghar peak is named Sikaram,  the peak is measured at 4755 metres and its some peaks covered by snow  most of the seasons.
The skirts of Spinghar are green and covered by forests and its important valeyes are Bandar Dara, Abdul Khil Tangai, Pekhee Tangai, Mamond Dara, Kot Dara, Haska Mina Jodara, Ghokht Dara, Pachiragam Dara, Tora Bora, Goroko, Sasobai, Tabai and Kasobai.  
Torghar is another big mountain in Nangarhar, which is located in west of the province, beginning from Daronta area and reaches east of capital Kabul. This mountain has 150 kilometres length, the peak is 4167 metres heigh and Torghar is free of forests.
Except Sorkh Roud, there is no river in Nangarhar province, which lacked running water, but it flows only in spring and during floods. This river originates from Ghorband Ghakhi area of Spinghar, with small rivers of Wazir, Hisarak, Mamakhel and Markikhel join Sorkh Roud river in Fatihabad area.
Sorkh Roud river running into the north and joined Kabul River in the lower side of Daronta area that pour into Daronta dam in Nangarhar province. But Kunar River only irrigates agriculture lands of Kuz Kunar, Kama, Goshta, Lalpora districts.
Economic Values:
The province of Nangarhar is located along the Kabul-Peshawar major transit route, which has 92 kilometres length from Daronta pass into Torkham border. This transit route facilitated good employment opportunities in Nangarhar province, which played important role in boosting the economy of the country, especially eastern provinces.  
Business is a good means of revenues in Nangarhar, where some traders are busy in international commerce, in addition to domestic business. International traders imports goods through their companies from various countries of the world like China, Japan, Uzbekistan, Turkmenistan, India and Pakistan. But the number of such traders are less, while domestic traders bring cereals, livestock, firewood and other goods from villages to cities and sell them in Jalalabad, Kabul, Balkh, Peshawar and other provinces.
Natural Resources:
Although limited number of natural resources had so far been explored in Nangarhar, but the extract of the mines are ongoing, including famous natural resources such as marbles, slates and cools.
But the mines marble that located in Khogyani district of Nangarhar province is very famous. The extraction process of this mine is ongoing over the past few years. Meanwhile, the slate and marble mines from Abdul Khel area of Shinwar, are also worth mentioning, which is irresponsibly extracted and delivered to the market.
Nangarhar province has better ennvironment for industries as the climate is suitbale and is close to the port city of Karachi In pakistan.
Hundreds women and youths are working in some factories functional in the province. A number of big factories of marble were set up in 2003 in Sorkh Roud district, which export marbles to other provinces.
A factory of aluminum that produces pressure-cooker and other tools is also functional in Nangarhar, while some major factories of rickshaw are active in Sorkh Roud district, which so far had produced hundreds of rickshaws.
Meanwhile, dozens of women are working in major factory of embroidery, producing embroidered piece of dress necklace etc. Another small factory of starch is operational in Jalalabad city and a linen producing factory in Behsud district. A salt and other small factory were also running in Nangarhar, generating various kinds of products, however handicrafts are forgotten there.
Nangarhar has 22 districts, inluding Spinghar district. According to the ministry of urban and development, Nangarhar has 1291 small and big villages. But in line with the figures of ministry of agriculture, irrigation and livestock, there are 992 big villages and 161 small villages. Jalalabad is among the five major cities of Afghanistan and is highly populated town. Nangarhar districts names are as follow.
Achin, Batikot, Chaparhar, Haska Mina, Khewa, Khogyani, Sherzad, Pachiraga, Hisarak, Koot, Nazyan, Spingghar, Ghanikhel, Goshta, Momand Dara, Lalpora, Bihsud, Sorkh Roud, Dara-i-Noor, Door Baba, Rodat and Kama.
Media Outlets:
Media activities have improved compare to past in Nangarhar province, where 33 printing, visual, audio, government and non-government media outlets are functional. Those radio channels broadcasting from Nangarhar province, including Nangarhar national radio television, Sharq, Nargis, Islah, Muram, Killid, Abasin, Spin Ghar, Safa, Nan, Hamisha Bahar, Inikas, Haqiqat, Mina and Watandar Radios.
But those radio channels, which broadcasts from capital Kabul and there broadcasts covered Nangarhar are identified as Arman, Aryana, Arakozia, BBC, Azadi, VOA, Mashal, Sta, Gorbat, Nava, Salam Watandar, Shamshad and Kabul national radio.
 Among the visual media outlets, National, Sharq and Taban televisions have studios in the province, while  national, VOA, Shamshad, Lemar, TOLOnews, Aryana, Tamadon, Khurshid, Zhwandon, Noor and One tv channels, which runs from the capital, have also broadcasts in Nangarhar province.
Nangarhar daily and magazine, Shayeq, three day magazine, Musbat Badloon weekly, Gulab weekly and magazine, Mina magazine, Jalalabad magazine, Aryana monthly, Anar weekly, Hila weekly, Zyar magazine, Arzakht magazine, Mukha magazine and Talvasa magazines are among the printing media outlets in Nangarhar province.
Nangarhar is considered important province of the country in terms of knowledge, art and literature, where many figures have grown up from the past until now in various spheres.
The most famous figures of Nangarhar are Wazir Mohammad Gul Khan Momand, Imal Khan Momand, Siddiqullah Rikhteen, Qyamudin Khadam, Musa Shafiq, Dost Shinwarai, Chaknawar Mullah, Najmudin Akhundzada, Da Goshti Maghol Khan, Dr. Nasir Shinwarai, Dr. Yaqoub Sherzad, Dolki Baba, Miasharaf Gardiwal, Gardi Ghaus, Shah Faizullah Agha, Mia Ali Sahib, Maulvi Ahmad Gul, Khwaja Rizqullah, Mullah Mast, Akhond Musa Batikoti, Papin Khil, Akhund Droviza, Mia Faqirullah Jalalabadi, Maulvi Mohammad Ibrahim Kamavi, Murad Ali Sahib Zada Sahib, Burhanudin Koshkaki, Mohammad Amin Khogyani, Shamsudin Qalataki, Pohand Ziwar, Abdul Rahman Pajhwok, Mohammad Akbar Motamid, Mia Mohammad Naeem, Abdullah Bakhtani Khadmatgar, Mujawer Ahmad Zeyar, Qari Barakatullah Salim, Abdul Haq, Malang Jan and Dost Shinwarai.
Cultural movements have been launched from the past in Nangarhar province, where now many cultural and literary institutions such as literary caravan, Jalalkoot literary movement, east literary caravan, independent association of journalists and writers of east, Roud literary caravan, Nagar association are operational in the province.
Separately, many publishers associations are also active in the province such as Momand, Gudar, Muslim, Gandara, Mazigar, Khatiz, Hamdard, Sadaqat and the association of writers and journalists in eastern zone, which published thousands of books.
Culturalists and writers from various parts of the province attended the conventional poetry of Naranjgul poetry ceremony held annually each spring in the province, which has half a century history. On other hand, various kinds of musical instruments as tabla, sitar, harmonia, rabab and others have been played in the province.
A number of singers opened special training courses in Jalalabad, where they teach tabla , sitar and other local instruments. The calligraphy and other arts courses are functioning in Nangarhar as well, where a special department of Afghan Film is active in information and culture department. Another institution under the name of Spinghar Film is also active in Nangarhar province.
Sport has a long history in Nangarhar province to which many people are interested. Many clubs of volleyball, cricket, football, boxing, kickboxing, taekwondo, basketball, bodybuilding, and wrestling are functional and train youths. But youths in remote districts play different local sports that are common in their villages. Another two departments of bodybuilding and cricket are also individually active in the province, which train many youths of villages in the two target fields.
Nearly, 855 educational institutions are active in Nangarhar, where 775,000 students get education; with 42% of them are females.
About 14,000 teachers are hired in relevant schools, in which 300 schools have provided buildings.
Nearly, 11,000 students are studying in Nangarhar University through 500 students. Having a 50-year history, this university has 13 faculties including medical, engineering, education, veterinary, agriculture, computer science, journalism, science, literature, political science and sharia. Thousands of students are busy getting education in eight other institutions, including teacher training college.
As Nangarhar is a developing province, many people are busy in agriculture and livestock. Many districts deserved adequate water and its vegetables included cucumber, tomato, onion, okra, cauliflower, squash, radish, potato, wheat, rice, turnip, maize and barleys.
Citrus crops yield good crops in Nangarhar, with the Nava development project is a good example of it. Moreover, melon, grapes, apricot, peach, plum, almond, pin-nuts and wall nuts crops also produced in Nangarhar province.
Water Dams:
Daronta dam is among the major water dam in Nangarhar province, generating about three megawatts electricity that was set up earlier by a Russian company and is still operational.
The Zherai Baba dam, located in Khewa district was established in 2006 and irrigates thousands of acres of agriculture land in Kuz Kunar district.
Historical Sites:
A number of historical sites and caves from ancient Buda era such as Bahar Abad caves, Chahar Bagh-i-Safa, Babur Takht, Rah-i-Kalan, Shah Faizullah Agha shrine, Najmudin Akhundzada, Ghochko and Daronta temple, Sorkh Roud and other parts of the province.
The shrines of Dolki Baba, Mia Ali Sahib, Akhund Musa Batikot, Miasharaf, Gardi Ghaus, Sarajul Imara, Amanullah Khan, Pacha Khan are also located in Nangarhar province.
A museum under the name of Hadi is also functioning under the information and culture department. This museum has a long history, which was severally destroyed during domestic war.
Behsud Bridge, linking two provinces and four districts is among the second priority. Construction of Nangarhar airport is also among the need, but it financing need the support of central administration and international community.
In addition, rebuilding of industrial parks, Daronta power dam and providing work opportunities also among the prioritized projects.